Rare small drachm of "Prince A" (c.200/250 AD), Kingdom of Elymais

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Bust left, with long beard and wearing diademed tiara / Artemis standing right, holding a bow. 10mm, 1.24 grams. Susa mint (?). V.Haaff #19.1 var.

All coins of this ruler are uninscribed and his name is unknown. In the numismatic literature he is called "Prince A". These small coins are rare - they are quite a bit smaller than the normal coins of "Prince A", and it is possible they belong to a later 3rd century ruler or some provincial issue of "Prince A".

Elymais or Elamais, (Graecized form of the more ancient name, Elam) were a people who were subject to Arsacid control from 247 BC to 221 AD, and was the name of the region they inhabited (roughly corresponding to the region named Susiana). It was reportedly these people were great archers and natives of Susa, which lies to the east of Elymais territory. Most of the Elymais were probably descendants of the ancient Elamites, who once had control of that area in the past. The provinces of Elymais were Massabatice (later Masabadhan), Corbiane and Gabiane. Nothing is known of their language, even though "Elamite" was still used by the Achaemenid Empire 250 years before the Elymais came into existence. The kingdom of Elymais survived until its extinction by Sassanid invasion in early third century AD.



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