Shahi Kings of Kabul and Gandhara, 800-1026 AD

The Kabul Shahi dynasties also called Shahiya ruled the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan) during the Classical Period of India, from the decline of the Kushan Empire in the 3rd century to the early 9th century. They are split into two eras the Buddhist-Shahis and the later Hindu-Shahis with the change-over occurring around 870. Shahi lands were subjected to repeated attacks and occupation by various Muslim states, with Kabul falling around 870 AD. However, the popular coinage of Kabul was retained – soon after the takeover, the Abbasid Caliphal Governor of Kabul, Yaqub ibn Layith of Seistan, added his personal biruda “Sri Khudarayaka” in Nagari above the bull and the Arabic word “adl”, meaning “just”, to the right of the horseman’s head.