AUGUSTUUS III REX POL, Augustus facing right / Crowned Polish-Lithuanian coat of arms EL SAX 1754 above. 20mm, 3.19 grams. KM #147.2.
Augustus III (Polish: August III, (Lithuanian: Augustas III); 17 October 1696 5 October 1763) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1734 until 1763, as well as Elector of Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire from 1733 until 1763 as Frederick Augustus II (German: Friedrich August II). Augustus, the heir to Augustus II the Strong, had secured the Polish throne following a war of succession against partisans of Stanisław I Leszczyński. The Russian Empire, which had assisted him in his bid to succeed his father, prevented him from installing his family on the Polish throne, supporting instead the aristocrat Stanisław August Poniatowski. During his reign, Augustus spent little time in Poland and was known to prefer recreation to ruling.