IOAN ¢ III D G ¢ REX ¢ POL¢M¢D¢L¢R¢, laureate bust of John III right, mintmark T.L.B. below / VI GROS ARG¢SEX - REG POLONIAE, 1684; Vasa arms below, Polish arms left, Lithuanian arms right, all under crown. 25mm, 3.41 grams. Krause KM #128.
John III Sobieski (17 August 1629 17 June 1696), from 1674 until his death King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, was one of the most notable monarchs of the PolishLithuanian Commonwealth. Sobieski's 22-year reign was marked by a period of the Commonwealth's stabilization, much needed after the turmoil of the Deluge and Khmelnytsky Uprising. Popular among his subjects, he was an able military commander, most famous for the victory over the Turks in the 1683 Battle of Vienna. Following his victories over the Ottoman Empire, the Ottomans named him the "Lion of Lechistan" and held as the saviour of European Christendom by the pope.