Rare copper beshlik of Shahin Giray (1776-1782, 1782-1783), Baghche-Saray mint, Jochid Mongols (Retowski #42)

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Khan Giray Shah in Arabic / Zarb Baghche-Saray, date and regnal year below (frozen date 1191 AH = 1776 AD, regnal year1 = 1776 AD). Baghche Saray mint. 19mmx15mm, 1.51 grams. cf. Zeno 87947; KM #16 (priced at 50$ in Good to 235$ in VF); Retowski #42.

Sahin Giray was the last Khan of . He was born in 1745 in Edirne. He studied in Greece and also in Venice. In 1776, Sahin Giray succeeded his uncle to become Khan of . During his brief reign he embarked on a program to re-build and modernise the n Khanate. Eventually under enormous pressure from Russian and facing the inevitability of defeat, he agreed to a Russian offer to incorporate the khanate in to the Russian Empire. Following this he was compelled to move to Saint Petersburg where he lived under house arrest. He ascended the throne in 1466 for some months, then was deposed by his brother Nur Devlet. He was restored to the throne in January 1469, but lost power again in March 1475 as a result of a rebellion of rival brothers and nobility. In 1475, he was captured by the Ottomans in Caffa and delivered to Istanbul. After being forced to recognize Ottoman suzerainty over the n Khanate, he was returned to the throne of in 1478. He made a great contribution to the development of n Tatar statehood. He founded the fortress of Azü. In 1502, Mengli I defeated the last khan of the Golden Horde and took control over its capital Saray. He proclaimed himself Khagan (Emperor), claiming to be the successor of the Golden Horde's authority over the Turkic khanates of Caspian-Volga region.