Copper duit issued by VOC (the Dutch East India Company), 1807, Java, Netherlands East Indies (KM #220 var - without the stars on both sides)

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JAVA, date (1807) below / VOC monogram. 21mm, 3.20 grams. Krause #220 var (without the stars above JAVA and VOC)

This is a locally made crude milled issue. These coins are rare in such high quality.

In 1596, a four-ship expedition led by Cornelis de Houtman was the first Dutch contact with Java. By the end of the 18th century the Dutch had extended their influence over the sultanates of the interior (see Dutch East India Company in Indonesia). Internal conflict prevented the Javanese from forming effective alliances against the Dutch. Remnants of the Mataram survived as the Surakarta (Solo) and Yogyakarta principalities. Javanese kings claimed to rule with divine authority and the Dutch helped them to preserve remnants of a Javanese aristocracy by confirming them as regents or district officials within the colonial administration.