Horse and rider, date in Cyrillic numerals below (AΨΘ = 1709 AD) / Cyrillic inscriptions in 4 lines: "TSAR PYOTR ALEXEYEVICH" ("Tsar Peter Alexeyevich"). 11mmx7mm, 0.25 grams. Kadashev mint. Garost #15; Grishin group 3
Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich (9 June 1672 8 February 1725) ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother Ivan. In numerous successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a huge empire that became a major European power. In 1700 he introduced a monetary reform, minting decimal coinage in all three metals, though the old style wire kopeks, like this coins, were struck for another two decades alongside the new large copper kopeks.