Normal arabic inscriptions on both sides, including Kalima, naming Khaqan Ahmd bin Ali, Ba Salih and Dihqan of Ilaq Muhammad bin Mansur, mint (Ilaq) and date (392 AH = 1001 AD) and pictured of a sword and a bow. Mint of Ilaq. 28mm, 3.99 grams. Very rare.
The Kara-Khanid Khanate was a confederation of Turkic tribes ruled by a dynasty known in literature as the Karakhanids or Ilek Khanids. Both dynastic names represent titles with Kara Kagan being the most important Turkish title up till the end of the dynasty. The Khanate ruled Transoxania in Central Asia from 999-1211. Their capitals included Kashgar, Balasagun, and Uzgen.The Karakhanids issued very interesting copper and silver coinage in numerous mints and varieties and most of their coins are scarce to rare.