RRR dated (46 BC) silver tetradrachm Kamnaskires V (54-33 BC), Elymais Kingdom

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Diademed, bearded bust left; star and anchor behind / Diademed bust (possibly of the prince Kamnaskires VI?) left; corrupt inscription IACIΛEΩC KAMNACKIPOY TOY EΓ KAMNACKIPOY (probably "King Kamnaskires, grandson of King Kamnaskires"), in exergue ZΞZ (meaning ZΞΣ (year 267 Seleukid Era = 46/45 BCE) since Σ is always replaced with Z on the dated coins of Kamnaskires V, blundered legend around. Seleukeia on the Hedyphon mint. 26.5mm, 15.22 grams. Van't Haaf #9.1.4; Cf. Alram 463 (different date); cf. MACW 703 (no date). SKU X1.

The succession of the Elamite kings is little understood; the recording of ordinal numbers and regnal years varies widely among the references. Alram recognizes one secure date for his tetradrachms, Seleukid era year 277 (36/35 BC); more dates are published by Van't Haaf (259 SE, 265 SE, 266 SE, 267 SE, 277 SE and 280 SE). Coins with clear dates are very rare and only a few are known. The dated issues attributed of Kamnaskires V are useful in understanding this complicated coinage as the increasingly debased tetradrachms of his type were struck by at least four successors over a period of several decades