HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS AE2 of Constantius Gallus (351-54), Sirmium, Roman Empire

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DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor, diademed and in military dress, facing, head turned left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and transverse spear. To the right stands Victory, crowning him with a wreath and holding a palm branch. III in left field. Mintmark *SIRM. 22mm, 5.10 grams. Sirmium mint. RIC VIII Sirmium 24. SKU X3498-53335

This type was minted by Usurper Vetranio.

The reverse legend refers to the famous dream of Constantine which led him to adopt Christianity - the legend on the reverse translates as "under this sign you will conquer". The bishop Eusebius of Caesaria, a historian, states that Constantine was marching with his army, when he looked up to the sun and saw a cross of light above it, and with it the Greek words "(ἐν) τούτῳ νίκα" ("In this, conquer"), a phrase often rendered into Latin as hoc signo victor eris ("under this sign, you will conquer"). At first, Constantine did not know the meaning of the apparition, but on the following night, he had a dream in which Christ explained to him that he should use the sign of the cross against his enemies. 


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