Rare ruler! Silver qanhari dirham in the names of Amir Hatim and his overlord Umar (9th-11 century AD), Amirs of Sind (AS #22)

Regular price $26.95

Shipping calculated at checkout.

Billah yathiqu Hatim wa bihi yantasir  / Lillah Muhammed rasul Allah Umar , "Umar" surrounded by three annulets ("in Allah trusts Hatim and in himvictorious / in God Muhammed is the messenger of Allah, Umar") in Arabic spread on both sides. 11mm, 0.47 grams. "The coins of the Indian Sultanates"#AS 22; Rajgor -.

Two names appear on this type  -  that of Hatim and of Umar. Amir Umar is known from his own coins, and coins of Yahya (also naming Umar as a second person). It is thought that this Umar was the overlord of Hatim, perhaps a governor of Sind and Multan and the surrounding area. Sind was the first part of India to come under muslim rule. The earliest Amirs issued small silver coins (1/4 dirhams) - all carrying the name of the Amir, but without any dates, so they are very difficult to date exactly, especially since the Amirs of Sind are virtually unknown from other sources. These coins are generally not rare, but are difficult to find in high quality, like this coin.