Horseman left, holding standard, Sri Hamira ("Lord Amir") in Nagari / Bull standing left, Sri Mahamada Sama in Nagari. 15mm, 3.35 grams. Mint of Delhi. "The Coins of the Indian Sultanates" D10, Tye 186.
A nice billon coin from the famous Muslim conqueror of Delhi.
Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori, originally calledMu'iz Uddin Muhammad bin Sam (and also referred to by Orientalists as Muhammad of Ghor and famously known as just Ghori) (1150 - March 15, 1206), was one of the rulers of the Ghurid dynasty from the famous house of Sur who were rulers of Ghor for five hundred years. He is credited with laying the foundation of Islamic occupation in India that lasted for several centuries. He reigned over a territory spanning present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India.
Muiz-ud-din, son of Sam Suri, nicknamed Shahab-ud-din which means "The (Flashing) Fire of Religion (Islam)" took the city of Ghazni in 1173 to avenge the death of his ancestor Muhammad Suri at the hands of Mahmud of Ghazni and used it as a launching-pad for expansion into northern India. In the meantime, he assisted his brother Ghiyasuddin in his contest with the Khwarezmid Empire for the lordship of Khora�sa�n in Western Asia. In 1175 Ghori captured Multan from the Hamid Ludi dynasty which was also Pashtun but were alleged to be un-Islamic on the account of their association with Ismailite Shi'iate sect and also took Uch in 1175. He also annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186. After the death of Ghiyasuddin in 1202, he became the successor of the Ghurid Empire and ruled until his assassination in 1206 near Jhelum in modern-day Pakistan.