711-755 AD - Anonymous large fals from Al-Andalus, Spain as a part of the larger Ummayad Caliphate

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Arabic inscriptions (slightly modified Shahada) on both sides: La ʾilaha ʾillallah ("There is no god but god") / Mohamed rasul Allah ("Mohamed is the messenger of God"). 18mm, 4.72 grams. Mint of al-Andalus. Monedas Andalusies #139ff; Miles 26ff.The Umayyad conquest of Hispania (711718) began as an army of the Umayyad Caliphate consisting largely of Berbers, inhabitants of Northwest Africa recently converted to Islam, invaded the Christian Visigothic Kingdom located on the Iberian peninsula. Under the authority of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I of Damascus, and commanded by Tariq ibn Ziyad, they disembarked at Gibraltar on April 30, 711, and campaigned their way northward. Tariq's forces were reinforced the next year by those of his superior, the Emir Musa ibn Nusair. During the eight-year campaign, most of the Iberian Peninsula was brought under Muslim occupation, save for small areas in the northwest (Galicia and Asturias) and largely Basque regions in the Pyrenees. The conquered territory, under the Arabic name al-Andalus, became part of the expanding Umayyad empire.