Silver damma of Hatim under Umar I (854-? CE), Habbarids in Sindh, India

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Billah yathiqu / Hatim wa bihi / yantasir (“In God trusts Hatim and through him is victorious”) // / Muhammad / rasul / Allah / ‘Umar (“Muhammad is the messenger of God, ‘Umar”). 11mm, 0.54 grams. G/G #AS22; Fishman/Todd (2018) #HS6. SKU H38 

These coins are attributed to ‘Umar I ibn Abd al-Aziz, the first of the Habbarid Amirs, who took control of Sindh with Caliphal approval in ca.854 CE but ruled as an independent Amir, functionally secceeding from the Caliphate. Hatim, named on these coins, was either 'Umar's heir or one of his governors. Coins of these type are rare, especially in good quality.