High quality silver damma (qanhari dirham) of Umar I (854-? CE), Habbarid Sindh, medieval India

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Billah yathiqu / ‘Umar wa bihi / yantasir (“In God trusts ‘Umar and through him is victorious”) // Lillah / Muhammad / rasul / Allah / ‘Umar (“In God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, ‘Umar”). 11mm, 0.53 grams. G/G #AS33; Fishman/Todd (2018) #HS4 (var. a). 

These coins are attributed to ‘Umar I ibn Abd al-Aziz, the first of the Habbarid Amirs, who took control of Sindh with Caliphal approval in ca.854 CE but ruled as an independent Amir, functionally secceeding from the Caliphate. 'Umar minted silver dammas and exceedingly rare gold fractions dinars, but most of his coins are very worn and poorly struck - high quality silver dammas like this piece are rare.