Home : Indian Coins : Early punchmarked coinage (600-100 BC) : Panchala (ca.450 BC-340 AD) : Unpublished silver punchmarked 1 1/2 mashaka from Panchala Janapada (ca.450-350 BC) - new punchmarked symbol!

Unpublished silver punchmarked 1 1/2 mashaka from Panchala Janapada (ca.450-350 BC) - new punchmarked symbol!

Unpublished silver punchmarked 1 1/2 mashaka from Panchala Janapada (ca.450-350 BC) - new punchmarked symbol!

A single punchmark / blank. 9mmx7 mm, 0.36 grams. Rajgor - ; Mitchiner ACW -.

These coins are generally known as "mashaka", but a true mashaka had a weight of 2 ratti (about 0.23 grams) and was valued at 1/16th of a karshapana. The small silver "mashakas" like this one generally weigh between 0.3 and 0.4 grams (with the average weight of the specimens I examined of 0.36 grams or so, so they were possibly intended to be 1.5 mashakas. Admittedly, such a weight standard of 3/16 of a karshapana does not sound very sensible, but the coins are too light to have been the much more sensible 2 mashakas (1/8th of a karshapana). The dating of the coins from Panchala Janapada is problematic, since Panchala was conquered a number of times by various neighbouring janapadas between ca.600 and 350 BC. These small mashakas seem to have circulated at the same time (or perhaps a bit bearlier) as the coins of Surasena (dated to ca.400-350 BC), since some mashakas from Panchala were overstruck with the regular "animal and fish" Surasena design. Panchala mashakas are not well-studied, and only 7 or 8 various types were publiched (all from a single hoard). This coin, and a few other coins we are listing, show a new obverse punch, unpublished previousely.

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US$50.00 EUR 43.17 GBP 38.99 CHF 48.73 CAD 65.89
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