Home : Islamic coins : Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258 AD) : Silver yamini dirham of Yamin ud-Daula Mahmud (998-1030 AD) naming Caliph al-Qadir, type 2, Ghaznavid Empire

Silver yamini dirham of Yamin ud-Daula Mahmud (998-1030 AD) naming Caliph al-Qadir, type 2, Ghaznavid Empire

Silver yamini dirham of Yamin ud-Daula Mahmud (998-1030 AD) naming Caliph al-Qadir, type 2, Ghaznavid Empire

Obverse:Arabic inscription in 5 lines: Adil / kalima in 3 lines / al-Qadir Billah/ Yamini.

Reverse: Arabic incsription in 5 lines: lillah / Muhammad rasul / Allah Yamin al-Daw/ la wa amin al-milla/ Mahmud.

17mm, 2.49 grams. Ghazna mint. Album 1609, type II.

The Ghaznavid Empire was one of the greatest medieval Islamic Empires. The Ghaznavid dynasty was a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin, at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran, Afghanistan, much of Transoxiana and the northwest Indian subcontinent from 977 to 1186. The dynasty was founded by Sabuktigin upon his succession to rule of the region of Ghazna after the death of his father-in-law, Alp Tigin, who was a breakaway ex-general of the Samanid Empire from Balkh, north of the Hindu Kush in Greater Khorasan. Although the dynasty was of Central Asian Turkic origin, it was thoroughly Persianised in terms of language, culture, literature and habits and hence is regarded by some as a "Persian dynasty".

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