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Scarce bronze jital of Ala ud-din Mohamed Khwarezmshah (1200-1220 AD), Ghazna mint, Khwarezm (Tye #283)

Scarce bronze jital of Ala ud-din Mohamed Khwarezmshah (1200-1220 AD), Ghazna mint, Khwarezm (Tye #283)

Persian inscriptions on both sides: Obverse: As-sultan / al-azam Ala / ud-dunya wa ud-d/in; Reverse:  Abul fath / Muhammed bin / as-sultan in a number of lines. Mint of Ghazna (though the mint is not indicated on the coin). 15mm, 3.14 grams. Tye 283. Rare.

Mohamed Khwarezmshah was the most famous and powerful of the rulers of Khwarezm, though he is most known for his downfall and the story of the great expansion of Genghis Khan's Empire. In 1218, Genghis Khan sent some emissaries to the Shah, but when he executed the Mongol diplomats in defiance of the emerging great power, Genghis retaliated with a force of 200,000 men. In February 1220 the Mongolian army crossed the Syr Darya and launched the Mongol invasion of Central Asia. The Mongols stormed Bukhara, Samarkand, and the Khwarezmid capital Urgench. The Shah fled and died some weeks later on an island in the Caspian Sea.

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