Home : Persian dependencies : Kingdom of Elymais (ca.247 BC-221 AD) : Rare billon tetradrachm of Orodes II (ca.100 AD (??) or another ruler (late 1st century BC - early 2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais

Rare billon tetradrachm of Orodes II (ca.100 AD (??) or another ruler (late 1st century BC - early 2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais

Rare billon tetradrachm of Orodes II (ca.100 AD (??) or another ruler (late 1st century BC - early 2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais

Diademed bust left, wearing tiara; to right, star-in-crescent above anchor with two crossbars and pellet to left / Diademed head left within a square of degraded legends  28x26mm, 14.04 grams. Unknown mint. Alram NB1;  van’t Haaff Type 10.3.1-1B

This King might be the same person as Orodes II of Parthia. This type is sometimes given to Orodes, but often it is given a broader attribution to late 1st century BC - early 2nd century AD. It could have been minted by any of the King reigning during this period. 

Elymais or Elamais, (Graecized form of the more ancient name, Elam) were a people who were subject to Parthian control from 247 BC to 221 AD (here to corresond to the dates of Parthia), and was the name of the region they inhabited (roughly corresponding to the region named Susiana, at the head of the Persian Gulf in what would be modern southwestern Iran). It was reportedly these people were great archers and natives of Susa, which lies to the east of Elymais territory. Most of the Elymais were probably descendants of the ancient Elamites, who once had control of that area in the past. The provinces of Elymais were Massabatice (later Masabadhan), Corbiane and Gabiane. Nothing is known of their language, even though "Elamite" was still used by the Achaemenid Empire 250 years before the Elymais came into existence. The kingdom of Elymais survived until its extinction by Sassanid invasion in early third century AD.

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