Home : Persian coins - from ancient to modern : Khwarezmian dynasty (1077-1231) : Rare billon jital of Ala ud-din Mohamed Khwarezmshah (1200-1220 AD), Ghazna mint, Khwarezm Empire - Rare Tye #294.1 type!

Rare billon jital of Ala ud-din Mohamed Khwarezmshah (1200-1220 AD), Ghazna mint, Khwarezm Empire - Rare Tye #294.1 type!

Rare billon jital of Ala ud-din Mohamed Khwarezmshah (1200-1220 AD), Ghazna mint, Khwarezm Empire - Rare Tye #294.1 type!

Sri Samanta in Nagari script above a humped and horned bull standing left, with the bull decorated with the mint name Ghazna (partial word in crude Arabic) / As-sultan/al-azam abu/l fath Muhammed/bin sultan. Mint of Ghazna. 14mm, 3.0 grams. Tye 294.1. Rare type. This type was the direct continuation of the jitals of Yildiz from Kurraman. The jitals of Yildiz were left unchanged, with the exception of the reverse inscription. Mohamed Khwarezmshah was the most famous and powerful of the rulers of Khwarezm, though he is most known for his downfall and the story of the great expansion of the Empire of Genghis Khan. In 1218, Genghis Khan sent some emissaries to the Shah, but when he executed the Mongol diplomats in defiance of the emerging great power, Genghis retaliated with a force of 200,000 men. In February 1220 the Mongolian army crossed the Syr Darya and launched the Mongol invasion of Central Asia. The Mongols stormed Bukhara, Samarkand, and the Khwarezmid capital Urgench. The Shah fled and died some weeks later on an island in the Caspian Sea.

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