Home : Persian dependencies : Kingdom of Elymais (ca.247 BC-221 AD) : Bronze drachm of "Unknown Prince E" (Orodes III (?)) (ca.2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais. Very rare type!

Bronze drachm of "Unknown Prince E" (Orodes III (?)) (ca.2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais. Very rare type!

Bronze drachm of "Unknown Prince E" (Orodes III (?)) (ca.2nd century AD), Kingdom of Elymais. Very rare type!

Diademed bust facing slightly left / Anchor flanked by crescents with pellets; all within wreath.14mm, 3.11 grams. Susa mint (?). Alram -; De Morgan -; BMC Arabia pg. 280, 1; Mitchiner ACW -.
BMC lists this ruler as "Orodes III". This attirbution is far from certain and this ruler is often referred to as an "unknown king". This coin is probably the rarest Elymais drachm issue.
Elymais or Elamais, (Graecized form of the more ancient name, Elam) were a people who were subject to Parthian control from 247 BC to 221 AD (here to corresond to the dates of Parthia), and was the name of the region they inhabited (roughly corresponding to the region named Susiana, at the head of the Persian Gulf in what would be modern southwestern Iran). It was reportedly these people were great archers and natives of Susa, which lies to the east of Elymais territory. Most of the Elymais were probably descendants of the ancient Elamites, who once had control of that area in the past. The provinces of Elymais were Massabatice (later Masabadhan), Corbiane and Gabiane. Nothing is known of their language, even though "Elamite" was still used by the Achaemenid Empire 250 years before the Elymais came into existence. The kingdom of Elymais survived until its extinction by Sassanid invasion in early third century AD.

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