Home : Persian dependencies : Kingdom of Elymais (ca.247 BC-221 AD) : Bronze drachm of Orodes III (circa 150 BC (?)), Kingdom of Elymais

Bronze drachm of Orodes III (circa 150 BC (?)), Kingdom of Elymais

Bronze drachm of Orodes III (circa 150 BC (?)), Kingdom of Elymais

Bust facing with long beard wearing diademed tiara, pellet within crescent above anchor with one bar, to right / Regular parallel dashes. 16 mm, 3.60 grams, much nicer than the scan. Susa mint (?). Alram 478; SGIC 5904; Dobbins Orodes II A/1

This ruler is sometimes identified as "Orodes II" or "Kamnaskires-Orodes II". These coins are usually heavier than the coins of Kamnaskires-Orodes I, so the reign of this ruler must be placed somewhat earlier.
Elymais or Elamais, (Graecized form of the more ancient name, Elam) were a people who were subject to Parthian control from 247 BC to 221 AD (here to corresond to the dates of Parthia), and was the name of the region they inhabited (roughly corresponding to the region named Susiana, at the head of the Persian Gulf in what would be modern southwestern Iran). It was reportedly these people were great archers and natives of Susa, which lies to the east of Elymais territory. Most of the Elymais were probably descendants of the ancient Elamites, who once had control of that area in the past. The provinces of Elymais were Massabatice (later Masabadhan), Corbiane and Gabiane. Nothing is known of their language, even though "Elamite" was still used by the Achaemenid Empire 250 years before the Elymais came into existence. The kingdom of Elymais survived until its extinction by Sassanid invasion in early third century AD.
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SKU v3222
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